crochet for beginners | The Crochet Hook

Crochet For Beginners



Are you looking to learn how to crochet? Then you’re in the right spot because this article is about crochet basics. When it comes to crochet for beginners, it essentially takes only two very basic things—a crochet hook and some yarn. There’s an array of different crochet hook sizes made of many different materials available.

Now that you’ve taken the first step into the crochet world, you’ll find that it holds plenty of wonderful opportunities. Once you learn the basics of crochet, you can create crochet pieces for yourself, gifts for others, as well as crochet goods you can sell! Crochet’s also a great way to relieve stress and anxiety.

It’s quite mind boggling how such a small and simple, non-mechanical tool is capable of creating yarn masterpieces. As much as you might think the crochet hook looks simple, it’s actually built more complex than you think. Have you actually ever taken a close look at a crochet hook before? If not, grab that little tool of wonder and take a look! You’ll find that crochet hooks are divided into five different sections. Believe it or not—each section actually serves a different function!

In order to determine the crochet hook size needed for your project, you’ll need to figure out which yarn(s) you’re using first. Crochet hook size is determined by the gauge of the yarn you choose, the desired stitch size, and of course—your personal preference. Once familiarized with a crochet hook, you’ll have already set base to beginning crochet! Click on the picture below to download and print our helpful guide!


Crochet For Beginners:  Crochet Hook Sizes

Common crochet hook sizes generally measure five to seven inches in length. Try using a size H (5.00 mm) crochet hook for learning purposes—it’ll be much easier.


Crochet For Beginners: Parts of the Crochet Hook

crochet for beginners | The Crochet Hook


The head (or tip) of your crochet hook is aligned with the body of the hook. It’s referred to as in-line. When the crochet head isn’t aligned with the body, this is referred to as non-inline. The head of certain crochet hooks is slightly pointed or wider. Crochet hooks with pointed tips help with inserting the hook into crochet fabrics. Wide head crochet tips help prevent the yarn loop from slipping off.


The crochet throat (or also known as the groove) help guide and catch the yarn while pulling it through the loop of your stitches. More tapered crochet help prevent the yarn from snagging or fraying. If you have issues with dropped stitches or your crochet hook popping out of your work, that’s where a less tapered crochet hook comes in handy.

Working Area

The working area is exactly what it sounds like. It’s the area where loops of yarn are worked to create chains and stitches.

Hook Shape

You’ll find that the shape of crochet hooks differ depending on who manufactures it. Hook shape boils down to personal preference. So, it’s important to try a few different brands of crochet hooks until you find one that’s comfortable and works well for you. In other words—crochet hook shape doesn’t mean one crochet hook is better or worse than another.

Thumb Grip/Pad/Finger Hold

The thumb grip (also known as the pad or finger hold) is actually a completely optional area of the crochet hook. The user feature of this section is dependent entirely on personal preference. This section is for those users who wish to grip the crochet hook using the thumb and middle finger (or index finger).

However, the information factor in this section is very important. This section displays the hook size.


The handle of the crochet hook makes up the main portion (half the length of the hook) that are held within the user’s palm.



Crochet For Beginners:  Hook Types/Materials


crochet for beginners | Learn to crochet | different crochet hook materials


Hooks are created from an abundance of different materials. Common crochet hook materials used are:





The smallest crochet hooks are usually made of steel and plastic materials.

Metal hooks allow for smoother movement across the hook; allowing the working yarn to move freely.

Bamboo and wooden crochet hooks are great to use with slippery yarns. Since wood and bamboo are porous—they create friction.


Crochet For Beginners: Hook Shaft/Gauge

The crochet hooks shaft (or gauge) size determines the size of a particular hook.

Naturally, thinner yarns (such as crochet threads) call for smaller crochet hooks.  The smaller the crochet hook shaft, the smaller crochet stitch created. The smaller the hook shaft, the tighter (more close together) your stitches will be. If your stitches end up too tight, move a crochet hook size up.


crochet for beginners | Learn to crochet3


Larger crochet hooks, of course, are used with thicker and bulkier yarn. The larger the crochet hook shaft, the larger stitch created. The bigger the hook shaft, the looser (farther apart) your stitches will be. If your stitches end up too loose, move a crochet hook size down.


crochet for beginners | Learn to crochet



An easy way to determine if you crocheting too tight, it will be difficult to slip your crochet hook into the stitches you created.

Make a conscious effort to always check your yarn labels. Most yarn brands (not all) conveniently list the suggested crochet hook size needed for that particular yarn. If the yarn you choose doesn’t have the recommended crochet hook size listed, you should be able to find the recommended hook size on the pattern you’re using.

Actually, matching the gauge to a pattern is more important than the suggested crochet hook size of a specific yarn.

Sometimes you’ll come across yarn labels that list only the needle size. If this is the case, go with a crochet hook that’s either the same size as the recommended needle size listed or go slightly larger.

Below you’ll find two charts—one for United States measurements and one for United Kingdom measurements.


crochet for beginners | The crochet hook | crochet hook sizes




U.S. and U.K. use different measuring units and are labeled differently.  You can click on the charts below to download and print for reference.


As you can see, the comfort and ease of crocheting are directly dependent on choosing the right crochet hook for. So, take some time to try out different crochet hooks—it’ll definitely be worth in the end! I hope you this beginner’s crochet guide helpful and I wish you the best of luck on your new crochet journey!

crochet for beginners | Learn to crochet2


Stay tuned for my more beginner crochet guides:

How to Read Yarn Labels

Crochet Stitches for Beginners

Crochet Abbreviations

How to Read Crochet Patterns

History of Crochet

Crochet Edging

Easy Crochet Projects


Have a question? Let us know by leaving a comment below, we always love hearing from you!
















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